The War for Southern Independence

Events in



1861

Jan. 9, Mississippi secedes from the Union
Jan. 20, Mississippi troops occupy Fort Massachusetts on West Ship Island, along the Mississippi Gulf Coast


Sept. 17, 1861, Ship Island evacuated by Mississippi troops


Dec. 3, 1861, Union troops occupy Fort Massachusetts


1862

March 8, 1862, Skirmish at Mississippi City


Apr. 3, Skirmish at Biloxi
Apr. 4, Skirmish at Pass Christian
Apr. 6, Shiloh, north of Corinth, Confederate Gen. Albert Sydney Johnston against Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. Johnston killed, succeeded by Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard
Apr. 7, Battle of Shiloh continues
April 8, Reconnoissance on Corinth Road
April 30-May 30, Corinth


May 8, Glendale
May 3, 9, 26, 28, Farmington
May 11, Coldwater
May 12-13, Commander of Union naval flotilla demands that the city of Natchez surrender. The mayor, saying that he has no authority to do so, refuses.
May 16, Grand Gulf shelled
May 17, Russell's House
May 18, Lee's task force anchors below Vicksburg
May 21, Phillip's Creek
May 30, Boonville
May 30, Evacuation of Corinth
May 30, Tuscumbia
May 30, Tuscumbia Creek


June 4, Blackland
June 9, Baldwin
June 4, Confederates evacuate Fort Pillow, on the Mississippi line above Menphis, Tennessee
June 22, Union raid on Pass Christian on the coast
June 27, Jefferson Davis replaces Beauregard with Gen. Braxton Bragg, Gen. Earl Van Dorn sent to Vicksburg
June 28, With eight ships, Farragut heads up the Mississippi River from south of Vicksburg, bombarding the city and passing its batteries


July 1, Boonville
July 14, Confederates ram Arkansas, commanded by Lt. Isaac N. Brown, completed at the Yazoo City Confederate naval yard, sails out of Liverpool and down the Yazoo River
July 15, Engagement between combined Union fleets, both Davis' and Farragut's, and the Arkansas ties up in front of Vicksburg
July 15-16, Union fleet descends the river, attempting to, but failing to destroy Arkansas
July 24, Coldwater
July 25, Federals evacuate Natchez
July 27, Davis' fleet withdraws upriver, first Union failure to capture Vicksburg


August 1-5 (c.), Confederates occupy and fortify Port Hudson. Confederacy controls 240 miles of the Mississippi between Port Hudson and Vicksburg
August 2, Austin
August 2, Coahoma County
August 19, 26, Rienzi
August 25, Bolivar
August 27, Kossuth
August 31, Marietta


September 3, Natchez is shelled by the USS Essex
September 8, 11, Coldwater Creek September 9, 18, Rienzi
September 10, Cochran's Crossroads
September 10, Coldwater
September 13, Confederate Gen. Sterling Price's army enters Iuka on march north to threaten Nashville, TN. Union troops evacuate town.
September 13, 20, luka
September 19, Bolivar
September 20, Prentis
September 23, Wolf Creek Bridge


October 2, Baldwin
October 3, 4, Corinth
October 5, Big Hatchie River, or Metamora
October 5, Hatchie
October 5, Tuscumbia Creek
October 6, Ruckersville


November 5, Jumpertown
November 8, 9, Hudsonville, or Cold Water
November 12, Lamar
November 12, 28, Holly Springs
November 26, Summerville
November 27, Union calvary raid from Friars Point in the Mississippi Delta
November 28, 30, Lumkin's Mills
November 29, Coldwater Station
November 29, 30, Waterford
November 30, Chulahoma


December 1-4, Oxford
December 3, 8, Oakland
December 4, Water Valley
December 5, Coffeeville
December 20, Holly Springs
December 21, Davis's Mills
December 24, Middleburg
December 28, 29, Chickasaw Bayou


1863

Feb 16-20, Yazoo Pass
Feb. 19, Coldwater
Feb. 21, Piairie Station
Feb. 23, Deer Creek


March 13-April 5, Fort Pemberton
March 14, Davis's Mills
March 16-22, Expedition to Steele's Bayou
March 21, Deer Creek


April 29-May 2, Hayne's Bluff
April 21, 22, Palo Alto
April 5, 10, Expedition to Black Bayou
April 8-12, Deer Creek
April 9, East Pascagoula
April 10, Black Bayou
April 11, Courtney's Plantation
April 14, Glendale
April 16, Barton Station
April 17, Holly Springs
April 18, Hernando
April 19, Coldwater
April 19, New Albany
April 24. Birmingham
April 28, Union Church
April 29, Grand Gulf
April 30, Snyder's Bluff


May 1, Port Gibson
May 1, Tickfaw River
May 2, Bayou Pierre
May 3, Big Black River
May 3, Forty Hills, or Hankinson's Ferry
May 3, Hankinson's Ferry
May 3, Jones' Crossroads
May 4, Guntown
May 5, Michel's Creek
May 6, Tupelo
May 12, Fourteen-Mile Creek
May 12, Raymond
May 13, Baldwin's Ferry
May 13, Hall's Ferry
May 13, Mississippi Springs
May 14, Jackson
May 14, Pigeon-Roost Creek
May 15, Tuscahoma
May 16, Baker's Creek
May 16, Champion Hill
May 16, Edward's Station
May 17, Big Black River
May 18-July 4, Vicksburg
May 20, Second assault on Vicksburg
May 24, Beaver-Dam Lake
May 24-29, Mechanicsville
May 25. Senatobia
May 28, Hernando
May 29, Mechanicksburg


June 4, Sartoria
June 4, 7, Mechanicksburg
June 11, Salem
June 14, Richmond
June 18, Bird Song Ferry
June 18, Brownsville
June 20, Hernando
June 20, Rocky Crossing
June 25-28, Fort Hill
June 22, Hill's Plantation


July 1-2, Black River
July 1-2, Messenger's Ferry
July 4-5, Big Black River
July 4-5, Bird Song Ferry
July 4-5, Bolton
July 6, Jones' Ford
July 7, Convalescent Correll
July 7, Ripley
July 7-9, 14, luka
July 8, Clinton
July 10-17, Jackson
July 11-18, Canton
July 13-20, Brandon
July 13, Yazoo City
July 16, Bolton's Depot
July 16, Clinton
July 19, Brandon Station
July 28, Coldwater
July 28, St. Catherine's Creek
July 29, Jackson


Aug. 12, Big Black River Bridge
Aug. 13, Grenada
Aug. 13, Jacinto
Aug. 16, Corinth
Aug. 18, Payne's Plantation
Aug. 21, Coldwater
Aug. 27, Vicksburg


Sept. 11, Big Black River Bridge
Sept. 15, Hendrick's
Sept. 27, Yazoo City
Sept. 28, Canton


Oct. 5, Messenger's Bridge
Oct. 5, New Albany
Oct. 7, Como
Oct. 10, Ingraham's Plantation
Oct. 12, Byhalia
Oct. 12, Ingham's Mills
Oct. 13, Big Black River
Oct. 13, Wyatts
Oct, 15, Canton
Oct. 15-23, Brownsville
Oct. 17, Clinton
Oct. 17, Robinson's Mills
Oct. 20, Barton Station
Oct. 20, Treadwell's Plantation
Oct. 26, Vincent's Crossroads, or Bay Springs
Oct. 27, Bear Creek
Oct. 31, Yazoo City


Nov. 9, Bayou Sara
Nov. 11, Natchez
Nov. 17, Bayou Saint Louis
Nov. 22, Fayette


Dec. 1, Ripley
Dec. 4, Moscow Station, or Wolf River Bridge
Dec. 7-10, Natchez
Dec. 17-24, Rodney
Dec. 22, Fayette
Dec. 26, Port Gibson


1864

Jan. 16-18, Grand Gulf
Jan. 20, Island No. 76


Feb. 1-March 8, Expedition up Yazoo River
Feb. 3, Liverpool Heights
Feb. 3, Hayne's Bluff
Feb. 3-March 5, Expedition from Vicksbure to Meridian
Feb. 4, Big Black
Feb. 4, Bolton's Depot
Feb. 4, Champion Hill
Feb. 4, Raymond
Feb. 5, Baker's Creek
Feb. 5, Wyatts
Feb. 5, Clinton
Feb. 5, Jackson
Feb. 7, 8, Morton
Feb. 7, Tunnel Mountain
Feb. 9-19, Meridian
Feb. 10, Hillsborough
Feb. 10-25, Smith's raids from Tennessee to Mississippi
Feb. 12, Chunky Station
Feb. 12, Decatur
Feb. 12, Wall Hill
Feb. 13, Tunnel Hill
Feb. 13, Vicksburg
Feb. 16, Lauderdale Springs
Feb. 17, Marion
Feb. 20, Piairie Station
Feb. 21, 22, Union
Feb. 21, West Point
Feb. 22, Ivy Hills
Feb. 22, Okalona
Feb. 22, Mount Ivy, or Ivy Hills
Feb. 24-March 2, Canton
Feb. 27, 28, Near Canton
Feb. 27, Sharon
Feb. 28, Near Yazoo City
Feb. 28, Yazoo expedition


March 4, Rodney
March 5, Coleman's
March 5, Yazoo City
March 19, Black Bayou
March 27, Livingston
March 31, Roache's Plantation


April 21, Red Bone
April 25, Natchez
April —, Hayne's Bluff


May 3, Bolivar
May 4-13, Yazoo City expedition
May 7, Benton
May 12, Vanghan
May 13, Yazoo City
May 20, 27, Greenville
May 21, Mount Pleasant
May 24, Holly Springs


June 6, Danville
June 7, 11, Ripley
June 10, Brice's Crossroads
June 10, Corinth
June 10, Guntown
June 23, Colliersville
June 25, Ashwood


July 2, Saulsbury
July 3-9, Expedition from Vicksburg to Jackson
July 4, Vicksburg
July 4, 5, Coleman's Plantation
July 4, 7, Clinton
July 7, Ripley
July 5-8, Jackson
July 5-18, Smith's expedition from Tennessee to Mississippi
July 7, 15, Port Gibson
July 9, King's Creek
July 10, Cherry Creek
July 10, New Albany
July 10, Issequena County
July 10, Plenitude
July 11, Pontotoc
July 13-15, 25, Tupelo
July 16, 17, Grand Gulf
July 16, 21, Ellistown
July 24, Steamer Clara Bell
July — , Bayou Mason


Aug. 1, Rodney
Aug. 1, 8, 27, 28, Holly Springs
Aug. 7-9, Tallahatchie River
Aug. 10, Hatchie River
Aug. 12, 19, 22, 23, Oxford
Aug. 12, 23, 25, Abbeville
Aug. 14, 16, 22, Hurricane Creek
Aug. 16, 17, Waterford
Aug. 17, Issequena County
Aug. 21, 22, College Hill, or Oxford Hill and Hurricane Creek


Sept. 28, Brownsville
Sept. 29, Moore's Bluff


Oct. 1, Port Gibson
Oct. 3, Fayette
Oct. 4, Cole Creek
Oct. 6, Woodville
Oct. 8, Salem
Oct 10, East Point
Oct. 23, Hurricane Creek


Nov. 11, Eastport
Nov. 22, Rolling Fork
Nov. 27, Big Black River Bridge


Dec. 1, Twelve miles from Yazoo City
Dec. 1, Yazoo City
Dec. 18, Franklin Creek
Dec. 25, Verona
Dec. 28, Egypt Station
Dec. 16-25, Good's Landing


1865

January 2, Franklin

March 15 Yazoo City

April 9, Lee surrendered, Appomattox Court House, Virginia.

May 4, Lt. Gen. Richard Taylor surrendered at Citronelle, Ala.

May 10, Confederate Major General Samuel Jones surrendered at Tallahassee, Fla.

May 26, Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of the Confederate Trans-Mississippi division, surrenders.